Trial by Media: The Queen Caroline Affair


Aspinall, A., eds. The Correspondence of George, Prince of Wales, 1770-1812. 8 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963-71.

Austen, Jane. Northanger Abbey, edited by R.W. Chapman. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.

Austen, Jane. Persuasion, edited by R.W. Chapman. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.

Bagehot, Walter. The English Constitution. London: Chapman & Hall, 1867.

Baker, Kenneth. George IV: A Life in Caricature. London: Thames & Hudson, 2005.

Barrell, John. “’An Entire Change of Performances?’: The Politicization of Theatre and the Theatricalization of Politics in the mid 1790’s.” Lumen XVII (1998): 11-50

Bennett, Anthony. “Broadsides on the Trial of Queen Caroline: A Glimpse at Popular Song in 1820.” Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association 107, (1980): 71-85.

Brewer, John. The Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century. London: Routledge, 1997, 2013.

Bricker, Andrew. “After the Golden Age: Caricature, Libel, and the Deverbalization of Satire.” Eighteenth Century Studies 51, no. 3 (Spring 2018): 317.

Bricker, Andrew. “Libel and Satire: The Problem with Naming.” English Literary History 81, no. 3 (Fall 2014): 889-921.

Brougham, Henry. “Defence of Her Majesty. October 3, 1820.” The Parliamentary History of England edited by T.C. Hansard. 3 vols. London: Longman, 1821.

Brougham, Henry. The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham. 3 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1871-1872.

Broughton, V.D., eds. Court and Private Life in the Time of Queen Charlotte. 2 vols. London: R Bentley & son, 1887.

Carter, Louise. “British Masculinities on Trial in the Queen Caroline Affair of 1820.” Gender & History 20:2 (2008): 248-269.

Clery, E.J. Jane Austen, The Banker’s Sister. London: Biteback Publishing, 2017.

Cobbett, William. “To the Reformers.” Cobbett’s Political Register 36, no. 13 (June 10, 1820): 912.

Cockin, Katharine. “Queen Caroline’s Pains and Penalties.” Law and Literature 24:1 (2012): 40-58.

Copley, Sir John Singleton. “Summing Up. September 7, 1820.” The Parliamentary History of England edited by T.C. Hansard. 3 vols. London: Longman, 1821.

Cox, Jeffrey N. and Michael Gamer, eds. “Sardanapalus: A tragedy.” In The Broadview Anthology of Romantic Drama. Broadview Press, 2003

David, Saul. Prince of Pleasure: The Prince of Wales and the Making of the Regency. New York: Grove Press, 1998.

Death-Bed Confessions of the Late Countess of Guernsey, to Lady Anne H******. London: John Fairburn [1821].

Death-Bed Confessions of the Late Countess of Guernsey, to Lady Anne H******. Philadelphia: J.E. Moore, 1822(?).

Deutsch, Eberhard P. “The Trial of Queen Caroline.” American Bar Association Journal 57:12 (Dec 1971):1201-1208 

Donald, Diana. Age of Caricature: Satirical Prints in the Reign of George III. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Erskine, Daniel. “Trial of Queen Caroline and the Impeachment of President Clinton: Law as a Weapon for Political Reform.” Washington University Global Studies Law Review 7, no. 1 (2008): 1-33.

Farquhar, George. The Recruiting Officer: A Comedy. London: Bernard Lintott, 1706.

Ford, Trowbridge. Henry Brougham and His World: A Biography. Chichester: Barry Rose Law Publishers Limited, 1995.

Fraser, Flora. The Unruly Queen: The Life of Queen Caroline. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Fulcher, Jonathan. “The Loyalist Response to the Queen Caroline Agitations.” Journal of British Studies 34 (October 1995): 484-486

Fulford, Roger. The Trial of Queen Caroline. New York: Stein and Day, 1968.

Fulford, Roger and Lytton Strachey, eds. The Greville Memoirs. 8 vols. London: Macmillan & Co., 1938.

Fulford, Tim. “Cobbett, Coleridge and the Queen Caroline Affair.” Studies in Romanticism 37:4 (1998): 523-543.

Gardner, John. Poetry and Popular Protest: Peterloo, Cato Street and the Queen Caroline Controversy. New York: Palgrave MacMillian, 2011.

Gatrell, Vic. City of Laughter: Sex and Satire in Eighteenth-Century London. New York: Walker & Co., 2007.

George, M. Dorothy. Catalogue of Personal and Political Satires Preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. 12 vols. London: British Museum, 1870-1954.

George, M. Dorothy. English Political Caricature, 1793-1832: A Study of Opinion and Propaganda. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959.

Greenleaf, Simon. A Treatise on the Law of Evidence. 6th ed. 3 vols. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1852-1860.

Greville, George. The Greville Memoirs: A Journal of the Reigns of King George IV and King William IV. 3 vols. London: Longmans, Green, 1874.

Grieg, James eds. The Farington Diary 8 vols. London: Hutchinson & Co., 1923-8.

Grosh, Daniel F. and Leonard Stern. “A Visit with Queen Caroline: Her Trial and Its Rules.” Capital University Law Review 6, no. 2 (1976): 187.

Hamburger, Philip. “The Development of the Law of Seditious Libel and the Control of the Press.” Stanford Law Review 37, no. 3 (February 1985): 725.

Harris, Jocelyn. Satire, Celebrity, and the Politics in Jane Austen. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2017.

Hathaway, Oona. “Path Dependence in the Law: The Course and Pattern of Legal Change in a Common Law System.” Iowa Law Review 86, no. 2 (2001): 601-65.

Haywood, Ian. Bloody Romanticism: Spectacular Violence and the Politics of Representation, 1776-1832. Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Heard, Kate. “The British Royal Family and Satirical Prints, 1760-1901,” in Collecting Prints and Drawings edited by Andrea M. Galdy. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016.

Heinzelman, Susan Sage. “Statues, Statutes, and Queens on Trial.” In Riding The Black Ram: Law, Literature, and Gender. Stanford, CA: Stanford Law Books, 2010.

Hibbert, Christopher. “George IV (1762-1830), king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and king of Hanover,” in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Hume, David. “Essay on Liberty of the Press,” in Essays, Moral and Political edited by Eugene F. Miller. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1987.

Hunt, Leigh. “United Parliament.” The Examiner 650, June 11, 1820. Catalogue of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. 11 vols. London, 1870-1954.

Hunt, Tamara. “Morality and Monarchy in the Queen Caroline Affair,” Albion 23, no. 4 (Winter 1991): 701.

Jackson, David K. and Dwight Thomas. The Poe Log: A Documentary Life of Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1987.

"Jane Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer." Wikipedia, March 24, 2019.

Jones, Steven E. Shelley’s Satire: Violence, Exhortation, and Authority. Northern Illinois University: Northern Illinois University Press, 1994.

Kopley, Richard. Edgar Allan Poe and the Dupin Mysteries. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2008.

Langbein, John. The Origins of Adversary Criminal Trial. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Laqueur, Thomas. “The Queen Caroline Affair: Politics and Art in the Reign of George IV.” Journal of Modern History 54 (Sept. 1982): 417.

Last Moments of Caroline Queen of England: A Vision. London: J. Johnston, 1821.

Le Faye, Deidre, eds. Jane Austen’s Letters. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

March, John. March’s Actions for Slander and Arbitrements. 2nd ed. London: Elizabeth Walbanck, 1674.

 McCreery, Cindy. The Satirical Gaze: Prints of Women in Late Eighteenth-Century England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004.

Memoir of Baron Pergami. London: Cowie, 1820.

Miller, John Carl. Building Poe Biography. Baton Rogue: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.

Moody, Jane. Illegitimate Theatre in London1770-1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Morton, Timothy. “Porcine Poetics: Shelley’s Swellfoot the Tyrant.” In The Unfamiliar Shelley, edited by Alam M. Weinberg and Timothy Webb, 279-85. Ashgate, 2009.

Payne, James and Matthew Payne. Regarding Thomas Rowlandson, 1757-1827: His Life, Art and Acquaintance. London: Hogarth 2003.

Playford, Henry. Wit and Mirth: or Pils to Purge Melancholy. 4 vols. London: W. Pearson, 1706

Rauser, Amelia. Caricature Unmasked: Irony, Authenticity, and Individualism in Eighteenth-Century English Prints. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2008.

Robbins, Jane. The Trial of Queen Caroline: The Scandalous Affair that Nearly Ended a Monarchy. London: Free Press, 2006.

Rosen, Jeffrey. The Unwanted Gaze: The Destruction of Privacy in America. New York: Vintage, 2001.

Rosenthal, Michael. “Public Reputation and Image Control in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain.” Visual Culture in Britain 7, no. 2 (Winter 2006): 69.

Rush, Richard. Memoranda of a Residence at the Court of London […] from 1817 to 1825. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Blanchard, 1833.

Samuelian, Kristin. Royal Romances: Sex, Scandal, and Monarchy in Print, 1780-1821. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Schaffzin, Katherine T. “Sweet Caroline: The Backslide from Federal Rule of Evidence 613(b) to the Rule in Queen Caroline’s Case.” University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform 47 (2014): 283-287.

Shakespeare, William and John Fletcher. King Henry VII or All is True edited by Jay L. Halio. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe. The Letters of Percy Bysshe Shelley, edited by Frederick L. Jones. 2 vols. Clarendon Press, 1964.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe. “Oedipus Tyrannus; or, Swellfoot the Tyrant.The Complete Poetical Works of Shelley, edited by Thomas Hutchison. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

Smith, Adam. Lectures on Jurisprudence, edited by R.L. Meek, D.D. Raphael, and P.G. Stein. Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1978.

Smith, E. A. A Queen on Trial: The Affair of Queen Caroline. Dover, NH: A. Sutton, 1993.

Smith, E. A. "Caroline [Princess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel] (1768–1821)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, January 3, 2008.

Stern, Leonard J. and Daniel F. Grosh. “A Visit with Queen Caroline: Her Trial and Its Rule.” Capital University Law Review 6:2 (1976): 165-204/

Taylor, David Francis. The Politics of Parody: A Literary History of Caricature, 1760-1830. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2018.

The Edinburgh Review, no. 135 (April 1838), 51.

The Political House that Jack Built. London: William Hone, 1819.

The Queen in the Moon. London: Grove and Co., 1820.

The Queen that Jack Found. London: John Fairburn, 1820.

The Queen’s reply to the King’s letter. London: J. Johnston, 1821.

Trial of Queen Caroline. 3 vols. New York: James Cockroft & Co., 1874.

Troost, Linda. “The Characterizing Power of Song in Sheridan’s The Duenma.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 20, no.2 (Winter 1986-1987): 164.

Twiss, Horace. The Public and Private Life of Lord Chancellor Eldon with Selections from his Correspondence. 3 vols. London: J. Murray, 1844.

Van Kooy, Dana. Shelley’s Radical Stages: Performance and cultural memory in the post-Napoleonic era. Routledge, 2016.

Van Kooy, Dana. “Speculative Tragedy and Spatial Play: Scaling Byron’s Sardanapalus.” Studies in Romanticism 58, no. 1 (Spring 2019): 77-104.

Vilardo, Lawrence J. and Vincent E. Doyle III. “Where Did The Zeal Go?” Litigation 38:1 (Fall 2011): 1-5.

Walpole, Horace. Memoirs of the Reign of King George III, edited by Derek Jarrett. 4 vols. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2000.

Wardroper, John. Kings, Lords and Wicked Libellers: Satire and Protest, 1760-1837. London: John Murray, 1973.

West, Shearer. “The Darly macaroni Prints and the Politics of ‘Private Men,’” Eighteenth-Century Life 25, no. 2 (Spring 2001): 178.

Wigmore, John Henry. A Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law.  10 vols. 3rd ed. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1940.

Wilson, Ben. The Laughter of Triumph: William Hone and the Fight for the Free Press. London: Faber and Faber, 2005.

Wood, Marcus. Radical Satire and Print Culture, 1790-1822. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.