William Hogarth's Topographies



Primary Sources

Anon. Lapland Sketches, or Delineations of the Costume, Habits, and Peculiarities of Jens Holm and his Wife Karina Christian, with accurate representations of the Deer, Sledges, Huts, &c. As Exhibited at Bullock’s Museum. London: J. Harris and Son, [1822?].

[Bernard, Jean-Frédéric, and Bernard Picart]. Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde représentées par des figures dessinées de la main de Bernard Picard : avec une explication historique, & quelques dissertations curieuses. 7 vols. Amsterdam: J. F. Bernard, 1723–1737. The section on Lapland is included in vol. 7.

———. The Ceremonies and Religious Customs of the Idolatrous Nations; Together with Historical Annotations, And several Curious Discourses Equally Instructive and Entertaining… 7 vols. London: Printed by William Jackson for Claude Du Bosc, 1733. 4, part 2: 379–398.

[Bullock, William]. An Account of the Family of Laplanders; which, with their Summer and Winter Residences, Domestic Implements, Sledges, Herd of Living Reindeer; and a Panoramic View of the North Cape, (from a drawing lately made on the spot by Capt. Brooke, to whom the proprietor is indebted for permission to exhibit it,) are now exhibiting at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly. London: Printed for W. Bullock by James Bullock, 1822.

[de Ferriol, Charles]. Recueil de cent estampes representant differentes Nations du Levant, tirées sur les Tableaux peints d’après Nature en 1707 et 1708 par les Ordres de M. de Ferriol, Ambassadeur du Roi à la Porte. Et gravées en 1712 et 1713 par les soins de Mr. Le Hay. Paris: 1714.

Hakluyt, Richard. The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiqves and Discoueries of the English Nation, made by Sea or ouer-land, to the remote and farthest distant quarters of the Earth, at any time within the compasse of these 1600 yeres…  2 vols.  London: George Bishop, Ralph Newberie, and Robert Barker, 1599. 1: 232–237.

Ireland, John. Hogarth Illustrated. Vol. 3: A Supplement to Hogarth Illustrated; compiled from his Original Manuscripts, in the possession of John Ireland… 2nd ed. London: Published by G. and W. Nicol and Messrs. Boydell, 1804.

Linnæi, Caroli (Carl von Linné). Flora Lapponica Exhibens Plantas Per Lapponiam Crescentes, secundum Systema Sexuale Collectas in Itinere. Amsterdam: Apud Salomonem Schuten, 1737.

De La Motraye, Aubry. A. de La Motraye’s Travels through Europe, Asia, and into parts of Africa; with Proper Cutts and Maps. Containing a great Variety of Geographical, Topographical, and Political Observations on those Parts of the World; especially on Italy, Turky, Greece, Crim and Noghian Tartaries, Circassia, Sweden, and Lapland. A curious Collection of Things particularly Rare, both in Nature and Antiquity… 2 vols. London: Printed for the author, 1723. 1: 428; 2: 280-339.

———. Voyages du Sr. A. de La Motraye, en Europe, Asie & Afrique… 2 Vols. The Hague, T. Johnson & J. Van Duren, 1727.

———. Voyages en Anglois et en François d’A. de La Motraye, en diverses provinces et places de la Prusse Ducale et Royale, de la Russie, de la Pologne &c… The Hague: Adrien Moetjens, 1732.

[Nichols, John]. Biographical Anecdotes of William Hogarth; with a Catalogue of his Works chronologically arranged; and occasional remarks. 3rd ed. London, John Nichols, 1785.

Picart, Bernard. Impostures Innocentes, ou Recueil d’estampes d’apres divers peintres illustres, tels que Rafael, Le Guide, Carlo Maratti, Le Poussin, Rembrandt, &c. Gravées à leur imitation, & selon le gout particulier de chacun d’eux, & accompagnées d’un Discours sur les Préjugés de certains Curieux touchant la Gravûre. Amsterdam: Chez La Veuve de Bernard Picart, 1734.

Sala, George Augustus. William Hogarth: Painter, Engraver, and Philosopher. Essays on The Man, the Work, and the Time. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1866.

Salmon, Thomas. Modern history, or, The present state of all nations: describing their respective situations, persons, habits, buildings, manners, laws and customs, plants, animals and minerals: being the most complete and correct system of geography and modern history extant in any language. Vol. 3, London: Printed for Messrs. Bettesworth and Hitch, 1739.

———. (Dutch ed.) Hedendaagsche Historie, of tegenwoordige staat van alle volkeren: In opzigte hunner Landsgelegenheid, Personen, Klederen, Gebouwen, Zeden, Wetten, Gewoontens, Godsdienst, Regering, Konsten en Wetenschappen, Koophandel, Handwerken, Landbouw, Landziektens, Planten, Dieren, Mineralen en andere zaken tot de Natuurlyke Historie dienende. Vol. 7: Behelzende eene korte Beschryving van den Tegenwwordigen Staat van Rusland, Zweden, Denemarken en Noorwegen. Als mede van de Landen onder de Noord Pool gelegen, en van de Groenlandsche Visscherey. Amsterdam: Isaak Tirion, 1735.

———. (Italian ed.) Lo stato presente di tutti i paesi, e popoli del mondo naturale, politico e morale, con nuove osservazioni e correzioni degli antichi, e moderni viaggiatori. Vol. 8: Dell’imperio della Moscovia o Russia, dei regni di Svezia, di Danimarca, e Norvegia, e della Groenlandia. Venice: Presso Giambattista Albrizzi, 1738.

Scheffer, John. The History of Lapland wherein are shewed the Original, Manners, Habits, Marriages, Conjurations, &c. of that People. Oxford: At the Theater in Oxford, 1674.

———. (Augmented ed.) The history of Lapland: containing A Geographical Description, and a Natural History of that Country; with an Account of the Inhabitants, their Original, Religion, Customs, Habits, Marriages, Conjurations, Employments, &c. … To which are added The Travels of the King of Sweden’s Mathematicians into Lapland: The History of Livonia, and the Wars there: Also a Journey into Lapland, Finland, &c. written by Dr. Olof Rudbeck in the Year 1701. London: Printed for Tho. Newborough and R. Parker, 1704.


Secondary Literature

Altick, Richard D. The Shows of London. Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard University Press, 1978.

Costeloe, Michael P. William Bullock. Connoisseur and Virtuoso of the Egyptian Hall: Piccadilly to Mexico (1773–1849). Bristol: HiPLAM, 2008.

Hunt, Lynn, Margaret C. Jacob, and Wijnand Mijnhardt. The Book that Changed Europe: Picart & Bernard’s Religious Ceremonies of the World. Cambridge (Mass.)/London: The Belknap Press, 2010.

Paulson, Ronald. Hogarth’s Graphic Works. 3rd ed. London: Print Room, 1989.

Pearce, Susan. “From Classification to Recreated ‘Reality’: William Bullock’s Exhibitions of Human and Natural History,” Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 43, 4 (2020): 507–524.

———. “William Bullock: Collections and Exhibitions at the Egyptian Hall, London, 181625.” Journal of Historical Collections 20, 1 (2008): 1735.

Soikkeli, Anu. “Some trends incorporating Sáminess into modern Nordic architecture.” International Journal of Cultural Property 28 (2021): 137–158.



Copies and Editions of the Peregrination


Original manuscript in the British Museum (purchased in 1847).


William Gostling’s “hudibrastick” versification of Forrest’s text issued as Hogarth’s Tour by John Nichols as a literary curiosity printed in only twenty copies, including one preserved in the Bodleian Library at Oxford (G. Pamph. 1232*).


First published edition of the manuscript, An Account of What Seemed Most Remarkable in The Five Days Peregrination… London: Printed for R[ichard] Livesay.

John Nichols reproduces Gostling’s verses in the second edition of his Biographical Anecdotes of William Hogarth. London: Printed for J. Nichols, pp. 403–427.

Thomas Rowlandson copies the manuscript of the Five-Days Peregination, presumably from the original. This facsimile is also preserved in the British Museum.


John Nichols and George Steevens. The Genuine Works of William Hogarth. Gostling’s verses are reproduced in vol. I (1808): 493–524, and Livesay’s prints and Forrest’s text in vol. III (1817): 113–131.


William Hone. Table Book, vol. II, no. 37. London: Published for W. Hone by Hunt & Clarke, pp. 289–320 (includes Forrest’s prose and Gostling’s verses).


Forrest’s prose text and Gostling’s verses, supplemented by an introduction and many illustrations, published by John Camden Hotten under the title Hogarth’s Frolic.


Hogarth’s Peregrination, ed. Charles Mitchell. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. All quotations in the exhibition come from this edition of the text.


Selected Histories of Kent


William Lambarde. A Perambulation of Kent: Conteining description, Hystorie, and Customes of that Shyre… London: Imprinted for Ralphe Nevvberie.


John Harris. The History of Kent, In Five Parts. London: Printed and sold by D. Midwinter.


T. G. A description of the Isle of Thanet: and particularly of the town of Margate; with an account of the accommodations provided there for strangers; ... with a description of Sandwich, Deal, Dover, Canterbury, Rochester, Chatham… London: Printed for J. Newbery and W. Bristow in St. Paul’s Church Yard.


Edward Hasted. The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent…, 4 vols. Canterbury: Printed for the author by Simmons and Kirkby.


William Bernard Cooke. The Thames; or, Graphic Illustrations or Seats, Villas, Public Buildings, and Picturesque Scenery, on the Banks of that Noble River. London: Printed for Vernor, Hood, and Sharpe.


Other Primary Sources

Aubrey, John. ‘Brief Lives,’ chiefly of Contemporaries, set down by John Aubrey, between the Years 1669 & 1696. Edited by Andrew Clark. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, vol. II, 1898. (Biography of John Ogilby: pp. 99–105.)

Combe, William. The Tour of Dr. Syntax, In Search of the Picturesque; A Poem. London: R. Ackermann, 1812.

———. The Second Tour of Doctor Syntax, In Search of Consolation; A Poem. London: R. Ackermann, 1820.

———. The Third Tour of Doctor Syntax, In Search of a Wife, A Poem. London: R. Ackermann, 1821.

Defoe, Daniel. A tour Thro’ the Whole Island of Great Britain, Divided into Circuits or Journeys. Giving A Particular and Diverting Account of whatever is Curious and worth ObservationWith Useful Observations upon the Whole. Particularly fitted for the Reading of such as desire to Travel over the Island. London: Printed and sold by G. Strahan, W. Mears, R. Francklin, S. Chapman, R. Stagg, J. Graves, vol. I, 1724. (Letter II proposes a journey through the county of Kent.)

Hawkins, Laetitia Matilda. Anecdotes, Biographical Sketches and Memoirs I. London: F.C. and J. Rivington, 1822. (Includes anecdotes about the Rev. William Gostling.)

Ingoldsby, Thomas. The Ingoldsby Legends; or, Mirth and Marvels I. 10th ed. London: Richard Bentley, 1864. (In part. “Grey Dolphin: A Legend of Sheppey,” pp. 65–95.)


Secondary Literature

Ayrton, Michael, (ed.). Hogarth’s Drawings. London: Avalon Press, 1948.

Debord, Guy. “Théorie de la dérive,” L’Internationale Situationniste, no. 2, Dec. 1958, pp. 19–23.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (1980). Translated by Brian Massumi. London/Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987.

Dobson, Austin. “Hogarth’s Tour.” Fortnightly Review XLVIII: 284 (August 1890): 218–223.

Glissant, Édouard, and Hans Ulrich Obrist. Archipelago. New York: isolarii. 2021.

Insley, Alice and Martin Myrone (eds.) Hogarth and Europe. London: Tate Publishing, 2021.

Ireland, Samuel. Graphic Illustrations of Hogarth, from Pictures, and Drawings, in the Possession of Samuel Ireland. 2 vols. London: R. Faulder, T. Egerton, and B. White, 1794-1799.

Le Gall, Shalini, and Justin McCann (ed.), British Art Studies 22: Thames River Works, April 2022. Online: https://www.britishartstudies.ac.uk/issues/issue-index/issue-22

Miller, Keith. “Five men in a boat: Were William Hogarth and his friends the first Situationists?” The Times Literary Supplement, March 19, 2010, pp. 14–15.

Oppé, A. P. The Drawings of William Hogarth. London: Phaidon Press, 1948.

Raffestin, Claude. Géographie Buissonnière. Edited by Alexandra Chollier. Geneva: Héros-Limite, 2016.

Riding, Jacqueline. Hogarth: Life in Progress. London: Profile Books, 2021. (The book is articulated around a series of “interludes” on the Peregrination.)

Simay, Philippe. “Une autre ville pour une autre vie. Henri Lefebvre et les situationnistes.” Métropoles 4: 2008, pp. 202–213.

Stroud, D. N. “Hogarth’s Trip to Rochester.” Apollo XXIX:171, March 1939: 117-120.

Thackeray, William M. “Hogarth, Smollett, and Fielding.” In Thackeray’s Lectures. The English Humorists. The Four Georges. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1867, pp. 187-227.

Warnicke, Retha M. William Lambarde: Elizabethan Antiquary, 1536–1601. Chichester: Phillimore, 1973.


Other Sources

Website of the Kent Archaeological Society: https://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/research/monumental-inscriptions




Primary Sources

Alberti, Leon Battista. The painting of Leon Battista Alberti in three books…. Edited by James Leoni. Vol. III. London; Printed by Thomas Edlin, 1726.

Chambers, Ephraim. Cyclopaedia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences. London: Printed for James and John Knapton, John Darby, Daniel Midwinter, Arthur Bettesworth, John Senex, Robert Gosling, John Pemberton, William and John Innys, John Oshorn and Tho. Longman, Charles Rivington, John Hooke, Ranew Robinson, Francis Clay, Aaron Ward, Edward Symon, Daniel Browne, Andrew Johnston, and Thomas Osborn, 1728.

Highmore, Joseph. A critical examination of those two paintings on the cieling of the banqueting-house at Whitehall: in which architecture is introduced, so far as relates to the perspective; together with the discussion of a question, which has been the subject of debate among painters. London: J. Nourse, 1754.

———. The Practice of Perspective, On the Principles of Dr. Brook Taylor: in A series of examples, from the most simple, and easy, to the most complicated, and difficult cases. In the course of which, his method is compared with those of some, of the most celebrated writers, before him, on the subject. Written many years since, but now first published. London: Printed for A. Millar and J. Nourse, 1763.

Hogarth, William. The Analysis of Beauty. Written with a view of fixing the fluctuating Ideas of Taste. London: Printed by J. Reeves for the Author, And Sold by him at his House in Leicester-Fields, 1753.

Ireland, Samuel. Graphic Illustrations of Hogarth, from Pictures, and Drawings, in the Possession of Samuel Ireland. 2 vols. London: R. Faulder, T. Egerton, and B. White, 1794-1799.

Kirby, John Joshua. Dr. Brook Taylor’s Method of Perspective Made Easy, Both in Theory and Practice. In Two Books. Being an Attempt to make the Art of perspective easy and familiar; to Adapt it intirely to the Arts of Design; and to make it an entertaining Study to any Gentleman who shall chuse so polite an Amusement. Ipswich: Printed by W. Craighton, [February] 1754. 2nd ed. by the same publisher in 1755; new edition in a large folio volume published in 1765.

———. Dr. Brook Taylor’s method of perspective, compared with the examples lately publish’d on this subject as Sirigatti’s, by Isaac Ware, Esq; Being A Parallel between those two Methods of Perspective. In which the superior Excellence of Taylor’s is shewn by self-evident Principles, or simple Inspection. Illustrated with above forty examples on Copper Plates; and the whole drawn and Engraved by Mr. Kirby, Designer in Perspective to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales; and Author of a Book, entitled Dr. Brook Taylor’s Method of Perspective made Easy, &c. London: [1757?].

———. The Perspective of Architecture. A Work Entirely New; deduced from the Principles of Dr. Brook Taylor; and performed by Two Rules only of Universal Application: part the first, contains The Description and Use of a new Instrument called the Architectonic Sector: part the second, A New Method of Drawing the Five Orders, Elegant Structures, &c. in Perspective. Begun by Command of His Present Majesty, when Prince of Wales, by Joshua Kirby, Designer in Perspective to His Majesty. London: Printed for the author by R. Francklin, 1761.

Taylor, Brook. Linear Perspective: Or, A New Method of Representing justly all manner of Objects As they appear to the Eye in all Situations. A Work necessary for Painters, Architects, &c. to Judge of, and Regulate Designs by. London: Printed for R. Knaplock, 1715.

———. New Principles of Linear Perspective: or the Art of Designing on a Plane the Representations Of all sorts of Objects, in a more General and Simple Method than has been done before. London: Printed for R. Knaplock, 1719.

———. (French trans.) Nouveaux principes de perspective linéaire : Traduction de 2 ouvrages, l’un anglois, du Dr. Brook Taylor, l’autre latin, de M. Patrice Murdoch, avec un essai sur le mélange des couleurs, par Newton; par le P. Rivoire. Amsterdam/Lyon: J.M. Bruyssel, 1759.

———. (Italian trans.) Elementi di perspettiva, secondo li Principii di Brook Taylor, con varie aggiunte, spettanti all’ottica, e alla geometria. Translated by Padre Francesco Jacquier. Rome: Generoso Salomoni, 1755.


Secondary Literature

Andersen, Kirsti. Brook Taylor’s Work on Linear Perspective… New York: Springer, 1992.

———. The Geometry of an Art: The History of the Mathematical Theory of Perspective from Alberti to Monge. Copenhagen: Springer, 2007. (See especially chapter X on perspective in Britain, pp. 489–598.)

Bermingham, Ann. Learning to Draw: Studies in the Cultural History of a Polite and Useful Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Bindman, David. Hogarth and His Times: Serious Comedy. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977.

Harris, Eileen, and Nicolas Savage. British Architectural Books and Writers, 1556-1785. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge UP, 1990. Section on Joshua Kirby: pp. 254-8.

Hogarth, William. The Analysis of Beauty. With the rejected passages from the manuscript drafts and autobiographical notes. Edited by Joseph Burke. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1955.

Kemp, Martin. The Science of Art: Optical themes in Western art from Brunelleschi to Seurat, New Haven, Yale UP, 1990. (In part. “Britain, Belatedly,” pp. 148-62.)

Kitson, Michael. “Hogarth’s ‘Apology for Painters.’” The Volume of the Walpole Society, vol. 41, 1966-1968, pp. 46-111.

Larwood, Jacob. The History of Signboards: From the earliest times to the present day. London: James Camden Hotten, 1866.

Mild, Warren. Joseph Highmore of Holborn Row. [Pennsylvania]: Phyllis Mild, 1990.

Ogée, Frédéric, ed. The Dumb Show: Image and society in the works of William Hogarth, Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 357. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 1997.

———, David Bindman, and Peter Wagner, eds. Hogarth: Representing nature’s machines. Manchester/New York: Manchester University Press, 2001.

Oppé, A. P. English Drawings: Stuart and Georgian Periods, in the collection of His Majesty the King at Windsor Castle. London: Phaidon Press, 1950.

Owen, Felicity. “Joshua Kirby, 1716-74: a biographical sketch.” Gainsborough’s House Review 1995-1996, pp. 61-75.

Paulson, Ronald. Hogarth’s Graphic Works. Revised ed. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1970.

———. Popular and Polite Art in the Age of Hogarth and Fielding. Notre Dame/London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979 (part. pp. 31-48).

Quilley, Geoff. “The Analysis of Deceit: Sandby’s Satires against Hogarth.” In John Bonehill and Stephen Daniels, eds. Paul Sandby: Picturing Britain. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2009, pp. 38-47.

Retford, Kate. The Conversation Piece: Making Modern Art in 18th-Century Britain. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 2017.

Riding, Jacqueline. Basic Instincts: Love, Passion and Violence in the Art of Joseph Highmore. London: Paul Holberton Publishing, 2017.

Roberts, Jane. Royal Artists: From Mary Queen of Scots to the Present Day. London: Grafton, 1987.

———, ed. George III & Queen Charlotte: Patronage, Collecting and Court Taste. London: Royal Collection Publications, 2004.

Wheatley, Henry B. Hogarth’s London: Pictures of the Manners of the Eighteenth Century. London: Constable and Company, 1909.